An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is an aircraft that does not carry human passengers or pilots. Also known as drones, UAVs can be either fully or partially autonomous, but are most often remotely controlled by a human pilot. RAND research has contributed to the public debate about the use of drones for war and surveillance. UAVs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS), which includes a ground controller and a communications system with the UAV.
The flight of unmanned aerial vehicles can be operated by a human operator, such as remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), or with varying degrees of autonomy, such as autopilot assistance, up to fully autonomous aircraft that do not require human intervention. Recent technologies have enabled the development of many different types of advanced UAVs that are used for various purposes. The typical method of launching and recovering (or pop and stop) of an unmanned aircraft is through the function of an automatic system or an external operator on the ground. Unmanned aerial vehicles are used for many different applications, including military operations, firefighting, police use, and domestic surveillance.
They can also be used to deliver packages. Britain's Aerial Target, a small radio-controlled aircraft, was first tested in March 1917, while the American aerial torpedo known as the Kettering Bug first flew in October 1918. Basically, a drone is a flying robot that can be remotely controlled or flown autonomously through flight plans controlled by software in its integrated systems, which work together with on-board sensors and a global positioning system (GPS). There are many parties involved behind the scenes to facilitate the smooth operation of drones, so it's important to familiarize yourself with the remote or unmanned technology that is part of a drone's system. In the United States, the United States Navy and, soon after, the Federal Aviation Administration adopted the name unmanned aircraft (UA) to describe onboard unmanned aircraft systems.
In just a few decades, the unmanned aerial vehicle has gone from being a sci-fi concept to an everyday reality. The malicious use of unmanned aerial vehicles has led to the development of technologies against unmanned aerial systems (C-UAS). It now offers a degree in unmanned aircraft systems and a master's degree in unmanned systems. After concern arose about the shooting down of spy planes, the military returned to the issue of unmanned aerial vehicles.
More precisely, the annex to the Missile Technology Control Regime equates rocket systems and unmanned aerial vehicles. The exam consists of 60 multiple-choice questions, with topics including regulations on Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) classification privileges, flight limitations and operation, the effects of weather on UAS performance, emergency procedures, airport regulations, decision-making, maintenance, and more.