An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is an aircraft that does not carry passengers or human pilots. UAVs, sometimes referred to as drones, can be either fully or partially autonomous, but more often they are remotely controlled by a human pilot. UAVs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS), which includes a ground controller and a communications system with the UAV. UAVs can be operated remotely by a human operator, such as remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), or with varying degrees of autonomy, such as autopilot assistance, to fully autonomous aircraft that have no provision for human intervention.
UAVs are used for a variety of purposes, including payload delivery, traffic monitoring, moving objects in hazardous environments, and surveillance. The use of unmanned aerial vehicles is becoming increasingly regulated by the civil aviation authorities of each country. After the Vietnam War, countries outside Great Britain and the United States began exploring unmanned aerial technology. With the appropriate license, operators can use UAVs to provide security and surveillance to private companies, sporting events, public gatherings, and other venues.
Because UAVs use GPS (the Global Positioning System), they can be precisely programmed and maneuvered in precise locations. Britain's Aerial Target, a small radio-controlled aircraft, was first tested in March 1917, while the American aerial torpedo known as the Kettering Bug first flew in October 1918. Classification of UAV military unmanned aerial systems (UAS) is based on weight, maximum altitude and speed of the UAV component. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are one of today's major technological advances. Since the widespread use of UAVs is relatively new, legislation is still being updated.
Unmanned aerial vehicles offer many advantages over traditional manned aircraft. They are cheaper to operate and maintain than manned aircraft and can fly for long periods of time at a controlled level of speed and altitude. They also provide greater safety for operators since there is no risk of injury or death due to human error or malfunctioning equipment. Unmanned aerial vehicles are increasingly being used in many applications due to their rapid and cost-effective deployment.
They offer many advantages over traditional manned aircraft, including greater safety for operators since there is no risk of injury or death due to human error or malfunctioning equipment. UAVs can be used for a variety of purposes, including payload delivery, traffic monitoring, moving objects in hazardous environments, and surveillance.