Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are aircraft with no crew or passengers on board. They can be automated 'drones' or remotely piloted vehicles (RPVs). UAVs have become an integral part of military forces around the world, used for strategic and operational reconnaissance and battlefield surveillance, and can also intervene on the battlefield either indirectly, by designating targets for precision guided munitions launched or fired from manned systems, or directly, by launching or firing these munitions themselves. The military use of drones has become the main use in today's world.
Used as target decoys, for combat missions, research and development, and for monitoring, drones have been a revolutionary addition to the military. Another advantage of using drones is focused on safety. With the appropriate license, operators can use unmanned aerial vehicles to provide security and surveillance to private companies, sporting events, public gatherings, and other venues. Drones can also collect valuable data during and after natural disasters to aid safety and recovery efforts.
In fact, Drone Industry Insights (a commercial drone market consultant in Germany) has identified 237 ways in which drones revolutionize business and has published a 151-page report consisting of 237 applications and 37 real case studies in 15 industries, including agriculture, energy, construction and mining. One example is the unmanned aerial demining system called Mine Kafon Drone which uses a three-step process to map, detect and detonate landmines autonomously. Since the widespread use of unmanned aerial vehicles is relatively new, legislation is still being updated. This policy direction is set forth in the Secretary of Defense Policy Memorandum entitled Guide to the Home Use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems in U.
S. Military Installations. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), autonomously guided, remotely controlled military aircraft, or both and carrying sensors, target designators, offensive devices, or electronic transmitters designed to interfere with or destroy enemy targets. Britain's Aerial Target, a small radio-controlled aircraft, was first tested in March 1917, while the American aerial torpedo known as the Kettering Bug first flew in October 1918. Although unmanned aerial vehicles have existed for several decades, in the last 20 years the technology has been significant advances. Because unmanned aerial vehicles use GPS (the Global Positioning System), they can be precisely programmed and maneuvered in precise locations.
UAVs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS), which includes adding a ground controller and a communications system with the UAV. After the Vietnam War, countries outside Great Britain and the United States began exploring unmanned aerial technology. Malicious use of UAVs has led to the development of technologies against the unmanned aerial system (C-UAS). Unmanned aerial vehicles will continue to be applied in a number of military operations because of their great convenience in reducing losses and enabling the execution of high-profile and time-sensitive missions. Classification of UAV military unmanned aerial systems (UAS) according to weight, maximum altitude and speed of the UAV component is essential for their successful application in military operations. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, are aircraft that can be controlled remotely by a pilot, or by pre-programmed plans or automation systems that allow them to fly autonomously.