Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are aircraft without a human pilot, crew, or passengers on board. They are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS), which includes a ground controller and a communications system with the UAV. UAVs are rated by altitude range, strength, and weight, and support a wide range of applications, including military and commercial applications. UAVs can be used for observation and tactical planning, as well as for emergency response.
This technology is now available to assist crew members in the field. Drones can also be used to provide security and surveillance to private companies, sporting events, public gatherings, and other venues. They can collect valuable data during and after natural disasters to aid safety and recovery efforts. UAVs can be remotely piloted vehicles (RPVs) or automated 'drones'.
They can fly for long periods of time at a controlled level of speed and altitude and play a role in many aspects of aviation. UAVs can be programmed to fly autonomously with no provision for human intervention. UAVs are classified according to weight, maximum altitude, and speed of the UAV component. There are many parties involved behind the scenes to support the smooth operation of drones, so it is important to familiarize yourself with the remote or unmanned technology that makes up a drone system.
Because unmanned aerial vehicles use GPS (the Global Positioning System), they can be precisely programmed and maneuvered in precise locations. Currently, UAVs are being used to deliver emergency medical supplies and cargo to off-grid communities in rural Alaska. Malicious use of UAVs has led to the development of technologies against the unmanned aerial system (C-UAS). The use of unmanned aerial vehicles is increasingly being regulated by the civil aviation authorities of each country.
An exam consists of 60 multiple-choice questions, with topics including regulations for classifying the Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), privileges, limitations and flight operation, effects of weather on UAS performance, emergency procedures, airport regulations, decision-making, maintenance and more.