An unmanned vehicle or unmanned vehicle is a vehicle without a person on board. Unmanned vehicles can be under telerobotic control, remotely controlled or remotely guided vehicles, or they can be autonomous, autonomously controlled vehicles that are capable of sensing their environment and navigating on their own. Route planning is very important in many real-life problems (Wang and Botea, 201. For a mission to succeed, it is essential to efficiently plan routes with several unmanned aerial vehicles) (Sheth et al. Goal-directed navigation planning is often modeled as the calculation of a lower-cost route from the initial location to the target location through known or unknown environments.
However, in problems with several unmanned aerial vehicles, in order to obtain an optimal solution, aerial vehicles must not only avoid collisions with obstacles, but also collisions with other unmanned aerial vehicles. Therefore, efficient and risk-free route planning is crucial for systems with multiple UAVs (Sheth et al. In addition, having intermediate tasks that UAVTs need to execute further increases the complexity of the problem (Bhattacharya et al. The term MiniUAV (MAV) refers to a class of unmanned aerial vehicles with a wingspan of less than 5 feet.
Small aerial vehicles are typically designed to fly 10 to 12 hours and can carry approximately 10 to 50 pounds. Typically, these vehicles are battery-powered, operated with the launcher's hand, and may not have landing gear, so they don't require a runway to take off or land.
Unmanned aerialvehicles (UAVs) are military aircraft that are guided autonomously, by remote control, or both, and that carry sensors, target designators, offensive ammunition, or electronic transmitters designed to interfere with or destroy enemy targets. Unmanned aircraft systems consist of the aircraft component, sensor payloads, and a ground control station.
Unmanned aerial vehicles, also called drones, are unmanned systems that navigate through the air, can inspect large areas and also reach environments that are hostile to humans. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), better known as drones, are one of today's main technological advances. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are increasingly being used in many applications due to their rapid and cost-effective deployment. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are increasingly being used in a wide range of real-world applications, such as military operations, disaster relief, and the exploration of remote hazardous areas.
Unmanned aerial vehicles are used in numerous real-life applications, such as transporting cargo, monitoring traffic, moving objects in apparently dangerous environments, and surveillance. An unmanned vehicle (UV) system or vehicle can be defined as an “electromechanical system, without a human operator on board, that is capable of exercising its power to carry out the designed missions”.