These include aerial photography, precision agriculture, wildfire monitoring, river monitoring, environmental monitoring, police surveillance and surveillance, infrastructure inspections, smuggling, product delivery, entertainment, and drone racing. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is an aircraft that does not carry human passengers or pilots. Unmanned aerial vehicles, sometimes called drones, can be fully or partially autonomous, but are most often remotely controlled by a human pilot. RAND research has contributed to the public debate about the use of drones for war and surveillance.
Another advantage of using drones focuses on safety. With the appropriate license, operators can use unmanned aerial vehicles to provide security and surveillance to private companies, sporting events, public meetings and other locations. Drones can also collect valuable data during and after natural disasters to aid in safety and recovery efforts. Since the widespread use of unmanned aerial vehicles is relatively new, legislation is still being updated.
Unmanned aerial vehicles are used around the world for civil, commercial and military applications. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), also known as drones, are used in a wide variety of applications, such as military, construction, image and video mapping, medicine, search and rescue, package delivery, exploration of hidden areas, monitoring of oil platforms and power lines, precision agriculture, wireless communication and aerial surveillance. The authors examine the logistical and maintenance aspects of an emerging operating concept for employing a family of unmanned aerial vehicles that can be launched, recovered and maintained with minimal dependence on runways. Because unmanned aerial vehicles use GPS (the Global Positioning System), they can be precisely programmed and maneuvered in precise locations.
Although unmanned aerial vehicles have existed for several decades, in the last 20 years technology has undergone significant advances. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, are aircraft that can be controlled remotely by a pilot, or through pre-programmed plans or automation systems that allow them to fly autonomously.